Fleas are a problem for many households, especially those with pets or those in rural farm areas. While we normally think of fleas as pests that cause discomfort by biting, they can also carry several diseases. Pest control includes managing wildlife near your home, flea treatment for your pets and indoor and outdoor pesticide treatment. Regular house cleaning methods, such as vacuuming, can also reduce the occurrence of fleas.
Cat fleas are the most domestic fleas. Contrary to their name, they are found on both cats and dogs. They are brownish black to black and can jump up to six inches. These fleas can also transmit the plague and tapeworms.
Dog fleas are commonly found on both dogs and rabbits. Like the Cat Flea, they are brownish black to black. They are typically found where animals are present, but do not require pets to come into the home. Dog fleas can carry disease organisms that cause the plague, typhus and can also host tapeworms.
As the name would suggest, Human Fleas frequently occur on humans in poor sanitary environments, also infesting pets and domestic animals. They are reddish brown in color. Unlike other types of fleas whose bites are concentrated on the lower legs, human fleabites are generally distributed over the human body. Their bites can cause dermatitis and allergies.
Oriental Rat Flea
These fleas are best known as the carriers of bubonic plague from rats to humans. They are found worldwide as well as in the United States, especially in seaport areas. They are reddish brown in color, and primarily feed on rats.